NYC dermatologist shares skincare advice he gives his patients
- What Causes Discoloration?
- How Can I Prevent Hyperpigmentation?
- What Is Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation?
- What Are The Best Ingredients for Achieving An Even Skin Tone?
Brown spots can go by many different names: sunspots, age spots, brown spots, freckles, and dark spots. They are all actually little growths caused by cumulative sun exposure. These round sunspots are darker than the rest of our faces because they are filled with excess melanin pigment, our skin’s defensive reaction to the sun. Brown spots are basically a way for your skin to talk to you, saying it has had too much exposure. This means that your sunscreen is inadequate and you must either re-apply more or use a higher SPF level.
Stay out of the sun and in the shade. Wear at least an SPF 15 every day, rain or shine and remember to reapply after swimming or perspiring. If there is daylight, there is radiation - up to 80% of UV rays can penetrate clouds.
Pigmented acne scars are an example of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. This discoloration results when the skin sends its natural pigment to the area of injury in an effort to shield it from damage. The pigment collects and leaves a mark behind that may take months to disappear.
Look for ingredients with skin brightening and anti-inflammatory benefits such as:
- Ferulic Acid
- Bearberry extract
- Mulberry extract
- Azelaic Amino Acid
- Licorice Root Extract
- Vitamin C