NYC dermatologist shares skincare advice he gives his patients
- What Are Common Sunscreen Mistakes?
- What Areas Should I Be Careful Not to Miss?
- What Should I Do After Sitting In the Sun?
- Why Do I Have Freckles?
- Should I Apply SPF Before Or After Other Products?
People have the common misconception that it is okay to wait and apply sunscreen when already out the sun, but the truth is you need to apply it at least 15 minutes before going outdoors. Its defensive ingredients need time to cling directly to skin in order to be most effective.
A classic error in sunscreen application is not using enough. To be truly protected, we need to use a lot of sunscreen: about 1 to 4 ounces to cover your face and body depending on your size. Reapply every 3 to 4 hours and immediately after heavy perspiration or swimming.
People often miss applying sunscreen in the hairline, on the backs of hands, and lips. Ears and scalp are also often left vulnerable, but wearing a large-brimmed hat can help offer protection. Keep your eyes safe from UV rays with large sunglasses, which will also help prevent crow's feet.
Don’t forget to apply sunscreen a full inch into your hairline, back of hands, and especially your lips because they have no ability to tan
Ears and the scalp are two often neglected areas of exposure so a sunhat is beneficial. Both regions have very little protective pigment and can easily become burned
Wear sunglasses that completely cover the eye area. This, plus sunscreen, works best to prevent wrinkles (crow’s feet) in the eye area
First and foremost, get out of the sun at the first sign of pinkness or burning! Also, if you are sunburned, take ibuprofen or another anti-inflammatory medication because it can reduce some of the injury that occurs due to inflammation, and make sure you drink a lot of water. Applying aloe vera to sunburned areas will also help reduce some of the retained heat and lessen thermal injury.
Sun creates freckles – your skin is telling you it’s had too much sun. Developing brown spots means that your sunscreen is inadequate and you must either re-apply more often or increase your level of SPF when exposed to UVA and UVB rays – or both. To help fade sun spots, I recommend daily, gentle exfoliation with alpha and beta hydroxy acids.
SPF should be applied after a moisturizer, but it’s best to find a daily moisturizer with SPF and incorporate it into your everyday skin regimen. It is important that you find a sunscreen or application method that you like, because you will not use sunscreen if you don’t like it.